Foundations of Christianity: A Study in Christian Origins

Foundations of Christianity A Study in Christian Origins Karl Kautsky is probably the first Marxist to interest himself both in the movement and the enigmatic personality of the crucified prophet His book The Foundations of Christianity is a rather imp

  • Title: Foundations of Christianity: A Study in Christian Origins
  • Author: Karl Kautsky Jacob W. Hartmann
  • ISBN: 9780853452621
  • Page: 341
  • Format: Paperback
  • Karl Kautsky is probably the first Marxist to interest himself both in the movement and the enigmatic personality of the crucified prophet His 1908 book The Foundations of Christianity is a rather impressive attempt at a Marxist analysis The book is rather original, innovative and has been rranslated into nine languages Kaustky made his Foundations of Christianity intoKarl Kautsky is probably the first Marxist to interest himself both in the movement and the enigmatic personality of the crucified prophet His 1908 book The Foundations of Christianity is a rather impressive attempt at a Marxist analysis The book is rather original, innovative and has been rranslated into nine languages Kaustky made his Foundations of Christianity into one of the most popular Marxist theoretical works Its popular success is probably due to the interest of socialist militants to see a vision of the origins of Christianity which permits the modern workers movement to appropriate to itself the figure of Jesus as a prophet and martyr for the proletarian cause Kautsky wanted to interpret early Christianity as a precursor of the contemporary working class socialist movement His friend, and later his opponent, Rosa Luxemburg, in an article of 1905 called The Church and Socialism insisted that the first Christian apostles were Communists who denounced injustice and the cult of the Golden Calf He counterposed a materialist account of the new religion against the Christian mythology and showed the capacity of the Marxist method to give an account of a complex historical process, interpreting a religious phenomenon in terms of the class struggle The book is divided into four sections 1 Society at the time of the Roman Empire the slave economy, the absolutist forms of the state, the different manifestations of cultural and religious crisis 2 Judaism the class conflicts of Israelite society and the various political religious currents Sadducees, Pharisees, Zealots and Essene 3 The beginnings of Christianity the early Christian communities, the idea of the messianic Christ and Christian communism 4 The fourth section is dedicated to the personality of Jesus According to Kautsky, what distinguishes Jesus messianism from the other rebellious Jewish prophets of the era all of whom had a strictly national character is its social character, its calling as an international redeemer Only the social Messiah, not the national, could transcend the limits of Judaism , survive the destruction of the temple in Jerusalem and, above all, find a hearing among the poor of all nations By associating the hostility of the oppressed classes to the rich with proletarian solidarity, the messianism of the Christian communities promised the redemption of the poor, and so it could gain followers beyond the Jewish world In the last analysis, Jesus, the crucified proletarian Messiah managed to defeat Rome and conquer the world, but in the course of this process the Christian movement suffered an inverse dialectic it lost its proletarian and communist character and was transformed into a state religion, under the control of a vast dominating and exploiting apparatus the Church.

    • Foundations of Christianity: A Study in Christian Origins by Karl Kautsky Jacob W. Hartmann
      341 Karl Kautsky Jacob W. Hartmann
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      Published :2019-07-11T09:55:14+00:00

    2 thoughts on “Foundations of Christianity: A Study in Christian Origins

    1. Czech German philosopher and politician He was a leading theoretician of Marxism He became the leading promulgator of Orthodox Marxism after the death of Friedrich Engels.

    2. الرفاق الاعزاء اذا توفر لكم الوقت رجاء ان تولوا هذا الكتاب اهتماما كافيا فهو نموذج فى النظر لتاريخ الديانات فى صلتها بالاوضاع الاقتصادية الاجتماعية . وهو يحاول ان يطبق عليها المنهج المادى التاريخى . وفى كل الاحوال كتب الكتاب قبل " انحراف" كاوتسكى بزمن طويل - كما اطلع انجلز على [...]

    3. (Review of a different Kindle edition, 532 pages)For Christmas this year I read a book about Jesus -- you know, the "reason for the season" and all that . . . . [insert appropriate emoticon here].This is a classic work, usually translated into English as The Foundations of Christianity. Last month I read a similarly titled German book (though in translation) from 1841, Ludwig Feuerbach's The Essence of Christianity, which was an influence on the early Marx; this book, by a leading Marxist of the [...]

    4. كتابٌ جيد وقيم، وخصوصا لطلاب الأديان المقارنة، لهدم النصرانية من أساسها

    5. I recently re-read this classic work by Kautsky after I had developed an interest in the historicity of Jesus. Although the book was written in 1925, it holds up remarkably well. It is a very sweeping look at the life and times of first century Roman society, with a particular focus on the Jewish origins of Christianity. Kautsky offers a penetrating class analysis of Roman society and the early Christians viewing the Christians as an early proletarian group, with proletarian values but of course [...]

    6. It's an easy read, mostly because if you have read materialist criticism before, it falls into line. His derision and harsh rhetoric are comic at times, but it comes across as very unbalanced. As he writes in his introduction, he is not an expert in the field of biblical studies or theology, so his treatment of the subject is somewhat superficial. His perspective is unapologetically skewed toward socio-economic critique, specifically communism. He calls early Christianity's existence a communism [...]

    7. العنوان الأصلي للكتاب هو "أسس المسيحية, دراسة في أصول المسيحية"يتحدث الكاتب عن الأديان من وجهة نظر المادية التاريخية, و صلة الأوضاع الإقتصادية في نشأة الأديان و طبيعتها.يعرض الكتاب طبيعة الاوضاع التي كانت سائدة قبل ظهور المسيحية ثم بداية نشأتها و تأثرها بالفلسفات السائدة حي [...]

    8. I am by far not a Marxist, but historical materialism usually gives the best explanations about distant times like those, when Jesus appeared. A must read for everyone interested in the origins of not only Christianity, but religion itself.

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